There are a variety of employment opportunities for mathematicians in government, industry, and academia. Most mathematicians work in either applied mathematics or in theoretical mathematics. 

Applied mathematicians spend their time solving problems in science, engineering, computer science, economics, and elsewhere using a variety of mathematical tools. Theoretical mathematicians study and test new mathematical ideas and theories through research. 

A popular branch of mathematics, statistics, is a field where professionals work with large data sets to look for patterns that can benefit society or industry. Actuarial science is another field of study in which mathematicians and statisticians study probability and risk assessment for government and industry. 

For students who are interested in studying mathematics, a baccalaureate degree is recommended, as well as further study in graduate school in mathematics.

For more information about these careers, as well as the current employment outlook, visit the U.S. Department of Labor and Oregon Employment Department websites.